Project


SPIRE-07-2015
ADIR
Full Title: Next generation urban mining - Automated disassembly, separation and recovery of valuable materials from electronic equipment
Aim:

The goal of ADIR is to demonstrate the feasibility of a key technology for next generation urban mining. An automated disassembly of electronic equipment will be worked out to separate and recover valuable materials. The concept is based on image processing, robotic handling, pulsed power technology, 3D laser measurement, real-time laser material identification (to detect materials), laser processing (to access components, to selectively unsolder these; to cut off parts of a printed circuit board), and automatic separation into different sorting fractions. A machine concept will be worked out being capable to selectively disassemble printed circuit boards and mobile phones with short cycle times to gain sorting fractions containing high amounts of valuable materials. Examples are those materials with high economic importance and significant supply risk such as tantalum, rare earth elements, germanium, cobalt, palladium, gallium and tungsten..

Concept:
A demonstrator will be developed and evaluated in field tests at a recycling company. The obtained sorting fractions will be studied with respect to their further processing and recovery potential for raw materials. Refining companies will define requirements and test the processing of sorting fractions with specific material enrichments.
Start date:
1 September, 2015
End date:
31 August, 2019

SPIRE-05-2015
ADREM
Full Title: Adaptable Reactors for Resource- and Energy-Efficient Methane Valorisation
Aim:

In ADREM, leading industries and university groups in process intensification, catalytic reactor engineering and process control team up to address the domain of resource- and energy-efficient valorisation of variable methane feedstocks to C2+ hydrocarbons.

Concept:
In order to converge to the optimal design, the project will utilize the unique integral, four-domain process intensification (PI) methodology, pioneered by the consortium. This is the only approach able to deliver a fully intensified equipment/process. The key feature is the systematic, simultaneous addressing of the four domains: spatial, thermodynamic, functional and temporal.
Start date:
1 October, 2015
End date:
30 September, 2019

WASTE-01-2014
BAMB
Full Title: Buildings as Material Banks: Integrating Materials Passports with Reversible Building Design to Optimise Circular Industrial Value Chains
Aim:

The aims of BAMB (Buildings as Material Banks) are the prevention of construction and demolition waste, the reduction of virgin resource consumption and the development towards a circular economy through industrial symbiosis, addressing the challenges mentioned in the Work Programme on Climate action, environment, resource efficiency and raw materials. The focus of the project is on building construction and process industries (from architects to raw material suppliers).

Concept:
The BAMB-project implements the principles of the waste hierarchy: the prevention of waste, its reuse and recycling. Key is to improve the value of materials used in buildings for recovery. This is achieved by developing and integrating two complementary value adding frameworks, (1) materials passports and (2) reversible building design. These frameworks will be able to change conventional (cradle-to-grave) building design, so that buildings can be transformed to new functions (extending their life span) or disassembled to building components or material feedstock that can be upcycled in new constructions (using materials passports). This way, continuous loops of materials are created while large amounts of waste will be prevented.
Start date:
1 September, 2015
End date:
28 February, 2019

SPIRE-03-2016
Bio4Products
Full Title: 4x4, demonstrating a flexible value chain to utilize biomass functionalities in the processing industry
Aim:

The innovative approach of BIO4PRODUCTS is to apply a short thermal treatment at elevated temperature enabling the fractionation of the bio-resource, but keeping the key chemical functionalities in separate, depolymerized fractions. Within the project the process will be demonstrated in a 3 t/d demo-plant.

Concept:
BIO4PRODUCTS will demonstrate the use of the resulting intermediate processing streams for the production of wood preservation products, furanic resins, phenolic resins and roofing material as cost-effective renewable alternatives for fossil resources in the conventional products (30-100% substitution).
Start date:
1 September, 2016
End date:
31 August, 2020

WASTE-01-2014
CABRISS
Full Title: Implementation of a CirculAr economy Based on Recycled, reused and recovered Indium, Silicon and Silver materials for photovoltaic and other applications
Aim:

The main vision of CABRISS project is to develop a circular economy mainly for the photovoltaic, but also for electronic and glass industry. It will consist in the implementation of: (i) recycling technologies to recover In, Ag and Si for the sustainable PV technology and other applications; (ii) a solar cell processing roadmap, which will use Si waste for the high throughput, cost-effective manufacturing of hybrid Si based solar cells and will demonstrate the possibility for the re-usability and recyclability at the end of life of key PV materials. The developed Si solar cells will have the specificity to have a low environmental impact by the implementation of low carbon footprint technologies and as a consequence, the technology will present a low energy payback (about 1 year).

Concept:
The originality of the project relates to the cross-sectorial approach associating together different sectors like the Powder Metallurgy (fabrication of Si powder based low cost substrate), the PV industry (innovative PV Cells) and the industry of recycling (hydrometallurgy and pyrometallurgy) with a common aim : make use of recycled waste materials (Si, In and Ag). CABRISS focuses mainly on a photovoltaic production value chain, thus demonstrating the cross-sectorial industrial symbiosis with closed-loop processes.
Start date:
1 June, 2015
End date:
31 May, 2018

SPIRE-08-2017
Carbon4PUR
Full Title: Turning industrial waste gases (mixed CO/CO2 streams) into intermediates for polyurethane plastics for rigid foams/building insulation and coatings
Aim:
Start date:
3 August, 2017
End date:

SPIRE-05-2016
CarbonNext
Full Title: The Next Generation of Carbon for the Process Industry
Aim:

The process industries and other crude oil consuming sectors are heavily dependent on fossil inputs for both carbon feedstock and energy, with the consequential CO2 emission problems and import dependency as a result. To be prepared for the future, they are seeking alternative carbon sources to replace traditional fossil fuels. CarbonNext aims to evaluate the potential use of CO2/CO and non-conventional fossil natural resources as feedstock for the process industry in Europe.

Concept:
The work will examine the existing and expected sources of CO2 and CO as well as non-conventional fossil natural resources such as shale gas, tar sands, coal bed methane, gas to liquid, and coal to liquid technologies. Results of the project will include the identification of value chains within processes and where industrial symbiosis can be valuable (chemistry, cement, steel, etc.). The CarbonNext project will provide, as a basis for decisionmaking, an enhanced understanding of the impact and opportunities for new sources of carbon for the processing industry. CarbonNext will primarily focus on new sources of carbon as a feedstock and secondarily on the impact on energy availability, price and emissions. CarbonNext will build on the project’s team achievements in the FP7 project SCOT (Smart CO2 Transformations), the BMBFfunded coordination project CO2Net, the CO2Chem network as well as many other climate and energy related projects.
Start date:
1 September, 2016
End date:
31 August, 2018

CIRC-01-2016-2017
CIRC-PACK
Full Title: Towards circular economy in the plastic packaging value chain
Aim:

CIRC-PACK project aims at more sustainable, efficient, competitive, less fossil fuel dependence, integrated and interconnected plastic packaging value chain. To this end, three case studies will work in developing, testing and validating better system-wide economic and environmental outcomes by i) decoupling the chain from fossil feedstocks, (ii) reducing the negative environmental impact of plastic packaging; and (iii) creating an effective after-use plastics economy. All in all, the work will be supported by non-technological analysis and advanced methodological analysis (including circular economy and industrial symbiosis principles) which will trigger a broadly deployment of the tested solutions. CIRC-PACK project will provide breakthrough biodegradable plastics using alternative biobased raw materials, which will have an instrumental role to play in the subsequence steps of the plastic value chain. In addition, eco-design packaging for improving and end-of-like multilayer and multicomponent packaging will be technologically advanced and adapted also to the new materials produced. Thus these developments will also contribute with a great impact in the packaging footprint, and increasing the biobased content and using compostable materials. Lastly, a multi-sectorial cascaded approach along plastic packaging value chain will be applied with critical impacts in other value chains beyond the targeted plastic packaging value chain. The overall outcome of the project will facilitate the transition from the current linear plastic packaging value chain to circular economy principles.

Start date:
1 June, 2017
End date:
31 May, 2021

SPIRE-02-2016
COCOP
Full Title: Coordinating Optimisation of Complex Industrial Processes
Aim:

The vision of COCOP is that complex process-industry plants are optimally run by operators with the guidance of a coordinating, real-time optimisation system.

Concept:
The project’s objective is to enable plant-wide monitoring and control by using the model-based, predictive, coordinating optimisation concept in integration with plant’s automation systems.
Start date:
1 October, 2016
End date:
31 March, 2020

SPIRE-01-2014
CONSENS
Full Title: Integrated Control and Sensing for Sustainable Operation of Flexible Intensified Processes
Aim:

The main goal of the CONSENS project is to advance the continuous production of high-value products that meet high quality demands in flexible intensified continuous plants by introducing novel online sensing equipment and closed-loop control of the key product parameters.

Concept:
CONSENS will focus on flexible continuous plants, but the results in the areas of sensing, control, and performance monitoring will be transferable to large-scale processes. The research and development is driven by industrial case studies from three different important areas of chemical production: complex organic synthesis, speciality polymers, and formulation of complex liquids.
Start date:
1 January, 2015
End date:
31 December, 2017

SPIRE-02-2016
CoPro
Full Title: Improved energy and resource efficiency by better coordination of production in the process industries
Aim:

The goal of CoPro is to develop and to demonstrate methods and tools for process monitoring and optimal dynamic planning, scheduling and control of plants, industrial sites and clusters under dynamic market conditions.

Concept:
CoPro pays special attention to the role of operators and managers in plant-wide control solutions and to the deployment of advanced solutions in industrial sites with a heterogeneous IT environment. As the effort required for the development and maintenance of accurate plant models is the bottleneck for the development and long-term operation of advanced control and scheduling solutions, CoPro will develop methods for efficient modelling and for model quality monitoring and model adaption.
Start date:
1 November, 2016
End date:
30 April, 2020

SPIRE-09-2017
DEMETO
Full Title: Modular, scalable and high-performance depolymerization by microwave technology
Aim:

Nowadays, Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)-based waste streams are mainly treated by means of mechanical processes, aimed at recovering plastic solid waste (PSW) for re-use; because of the degradation and heterogeneity of PSW, only single-polymer plastics can be processed, thus excluding all the more complex and contaminated waste. Quality is the main issue when dealing with mechanically recycled products, which, in the end, could just be burned or land field disposed.

Chemical processing could be considered, instead, for complete recovering of the molecules constituting the polymer (which would be then ready to be used to produce virgin PET) but, up until now, de-polymerization approaches have not been widely adopted within industrial practice due to their inability of working continuously, their very high reaction times and, in the end, inability to achieve economic return of investment.

The value chain of PET is quite complex, and involves several steps that already links in cross-sectorial interactions multiple companies across the European and worldwide market. It is at the end of that life cycle that DEMETO proposes its innovative technology: the first feasible and sustainable (economically, environmentally and socially) industrial application of chemical treatment for reuse of PET plastics waste streams. Thanks to a process intensifying approach based on innovative usage of microwave radiations, DEMETO’s recycling technology will provide an indefinite life to PET, allowing to come back to its composing elements (Ethylene Glycol, EG, and Terephtalic Acid, PTA) without degrading the materials and, consequently, paving the way for a disruptive, large-scale circular economy for plastic products.

Concept:
DEMETO proposes a highly innovative approach to the Process Intensification of the alkaline hydrolysis chemical recycling reaction (de-polymerization) of PET plastic waste, based on the adoption of microwave radiations as energetic catalyser to reduce reaction time, reduce drastically the purification steps of PTA and increase productivity through a continuous process (instead of the batch ones typical of the industrial state-of-the-art). Already patented at international level and validated at different TRLs (from lab-scale conceptual testing up to full-scale design of a pre-industrial core reactor), the major strength of DEMETO’s core concept is the adoption of a full process approach that, embedding at its heart the process intensifying MW-based reaction, then proposes a completely self-contained post-processing unit whose outputs, apart from the virgin-grade EG and PTA raw materials, will generate directly feedstock for the overall de-polymerization process. This overall concept is what guarantees the high flexibility and huge productivity-to-size ratios that the project will achieve at demonstration stage.
Start date:
1 September, 2017
End date:
31 August, 2020

SPIRE-01-2014
DISIRE
Full Title: Integrated Process Control based on Distributed In-Situ Sensors into Raw Material and Energy Feedstock
Aim:

The objective of the DISIRE project is to evolve the existing industrial processes by advancing the Sustainable Process Industry through an overall Resource and Energy efficiency by the technological breakthroughs and concepts of the DISIRE technological platform in the field of Industrial Process Control (IPC).

Concept:
With the DISIRE project the properties of the raw materials or product flows will be fully integrated in a unique inline measuring system that will extend the level of knowledge and awareness of the internal dynamics of the undergoing processes taking place during transformation or integration of raw materials in the next levels of production.
Start date:
1 January, 2015
End date:
31 December, 2017

SPIRE-04-2016
DREAM
Full Title: Design for Resource and Energy efficiency in cerAMic kilns
Aim:

The DREAM project aims to design, develop and demonstrate a radically improved architecture for ceramic industrial furnaces, characterised by optimised energy consumption, reduced emissions, and lower operating costs compared to currently available technological solutions.

Concept:
This will be obtained by substantially enhancing specific furnace parts (control system, refractories, emissions abatement system) and by adding new modules and sub-systems (CHP unit, heat pipes) to the current furnace architecture.
Start date:
1 October, 2016
End date:
30 September, 2019

EE-17-2016
DRYficiency
Full Title: Waste Heat Recovery in Industrial Drying Processes
Aim:

The overall objective of the DRYficiency project is to lead energy-intensive sectors of the European manufacturing industry to high energy efficiency and a reduction of fossil carbon emissions by means of waste heat recovery to foster competitiveness, improve security of energy supply and guarantee sustainable production in Europe. The project addresses three sectors, namely brick, pet care/feed and food industry. The results are however of major relevance for a number of other energy-intensive industries such as e.g. pulp and paper industry.

Concept:
The DRYficiency consortium will elaborate technically and economically viable solutions for upgrading idle waste heat streams to process heat streams at higher temperature levels up to 180 °C. The key elements of the solution are two high temperature vapour compression heat pumps: a closed loop heat pump for air drying processes and an open loop heat pump for steam drying processes. The DRYficiency solution will be demonstrated under real production conditions in operational industrial drying processes in three leading European manufacturing companies from the pet food, food and brick industries.
Start date:
1 September, 2016
End date:
1 January, 2020

SPIRE-09-2017
ECCO
Full Title: Energy Efficient Coil Coating Process
Aim:
Start date:
1 September, 2017
End date:

CIRC-01-2016-2017
Ecobulk
Full Title: Circular Process for Eco-Designed Bulky Products and Internal Car Parts
Aim:
Concept:
ECOBULK through a large scale demonstration effort will contribute to “closing the loop” of composite products in the automotive, furniture and building sectors by promoting greater re-use, upgrade, refurbishment and recycle of products, parts, and materials. It will bring opportunities for both the environment and the economy by offering business opportunities along the entire new defined supply and value chains. ECOBULK approach will be based on identifying and promoting commonalities in processes, technologies, products and services ensuring replicability and transferability to other industrial sectors. The ambitious application of the circular economy model in the three selected sectors is justified by the high numbers of synergies, in terms of the design (design for modularity, design for disassembly/dismantling), materials (fibre and particle reinforced plastic composites), manufacturing technology (moulding, extrusion, hot pressing, thermobonding) and business models (leasing, renting, PSS, fix-it shops, etc.). The methodology will embrace and focus on large scale demonstration activities in 7 countries and more than 15 demonstrators to address the key components of the circular economy solutions; rethinking product design to shift towards a Design Circular Framework, validation of material and product manufacturing technologies to ensure technical and economic feasibility, new reverse logistics for the recovery of products and parts from consumers or users and into the supply chain, implementation of Innovative business models exploring C2C, B2C and B2B opportunities, and dissemination to raise awareness and knowledge sharing activities on circular economy solutions. Finally, an end-user and Stakeholder platform linking end users with relevant actors from the early design stages will foster second life, reuse and recycle of product and parts as well as material recovery for reintroduction into a circular production chain.
Start date:
1 June, 2017
End date:
31 May, 2021

SPIRE-07-2017
ENSUREAL
Full Title: Integrated cross-sectorial approach for environmentally sustainable and resource-efficient alumina production
Aim:
Start date:
3 August, 2017
End date:

SPIRE-06-2015
EPOS
Full Title: Enhanced energy and resource Efficiency and Performance in process industry Operations via onsite and cross-sectorial Symbiosis
Aim:

The EPOS project brings together 5 global process industries from 5 key relevant sectors: steel, cement, chemicals, minerals and engineering. EPOS's main objective is to enable cross-sectorial Industrial Symbiosis and provide a wide range of technological and organisational options for making business and operations more efficient, more cost-effective, more competitive and more sustainable across process sectors.

Concept:
The ambition of the EPOS partners is to gain cross-sectorial knowledge and investigate cluster opportunities using an innovative Industrial Symbiosis platform to be developed and validated during the project.
Start date:
1 October, 2015
End date:
30 September, 2019

CIRC-01-2016-2017
FiberEUse
Full Title: Large scale demonstration of new circular economy value-chains based on the reuse of end-of-life fiber reinforced composites
Aim:

Glass and carbon fiber reinforced polymer composites (GFRP and CFRP) are increasingly used as structural materials in many manufacturing sectors like transport, constructions and energy due to their better lightweight and corrosion resistance compared to metals. Composite recycling is a challenging task. Although mechanical grinding and pyrolysis reached a quite high TRL, landfilling of EoL composites is still widespread since no significant added value in the re-use and remanufacturing of composites is demonstrated. The FiberEUse project aims at integrating in a holistic approach different innovation actions aimed at enhancing the profitability of composite recycling and reuse in value-added products. The project is based on the realization of three macro use-cases, further detailed in eight demonstrators: Use-case 1: Mechanical recycling of short GFRP and re-use in added-value customized applications, including furniture, sport and creative products. Emerging manufacturing technologies like UV-assisted 3D-printing and metallization by Physical Vapor Deposition will be used. Use-case 2: Thermal recycling of long fibers (glass and carbon) and re-use in high-tech, high-resistance applications. The input product will be EoL wind turbine and aerospace components. The re-use of composites in automotive (aesthetical and structural components) and building will be demonstrated by applying controlled pyrolysis and custom remanufacturing. Use-case 3: Inspection, repair and remanufacturing for EoL CFRP products in high-tech applications. Adaptive design and manufacturing criteria will be implemented to allow for a complete circular economy demonstration in the automotive sector. Through new cloud-based ICT solutions for value-chain integration, scouting of new markets, analysis of legislation barriers, life cycle assessment for different reverse logistic options, FiberEUse will support industry in the transition to a circular economy model for composites.

Start date:
1 June, 2017
End date:
31 May, 2021

WASTE-01-2014
FISSAC
Full Title: Fostering industrial symbiosis for a sustainable resource intensive industry across the extended construction value chain
Aim:

The overall objective of FISSAC project is to develop and demonstrate a new paradigm built on an innovative industrial symbiosis model towards a zero waste approach in the resource intensive industries of the construction value chain, tackling harmonized technological and non-technological requirements, leading to material closed-loop processes and moving to a circular economy.

Concept:
A methodology and a software platform will be developed in order to implement the innovative industrial symbiosis model in a feasible scenario of industrial symbiosis synergies between industries (steel, aluminium, natural stone, chemical and demolition and construction sectors) and stakeholders in the extended construction value chain. It will guide how to overcome technical barriers and non-technical barriers, as well as standardisation concerns to implement and replicate industrial symbiosis in a local/regional dimension. The ambition of the model will be to be replicated in other regions and other value chains symbiosis scenarios. The model will be applied based on the three sustainability pillars.
Start date:
1 September, 2015
End date:
29 February, 2020

LCE-25-2016
FReSMe
Full Title: From Residual Steel gases to Methanol
Aim:

To demonstrate feasibility of valorising CO2 and H2 capture from blast furnace gases (BFG) from the steel industry by turning into a versatile chemical platform and renewable fuel such as Methanol (MeOH)

Concept:
The FReSMe project will produce methanol fuel that will be demonstrated in ship transportation. This green fuel will be produced from CO2, recovered from an industrial Blast Furnace Gases (BFG), and H2 from both recovered BFG itself, as well as produced by electrolysis. The two different sources of H2 will enable (a) maximum use of the current residual energy content of BFG, while at the same time (b) demonstrating a forward technology path where low carbon or renewable H2 become more ubiquitous. The project will make use of the existing equipment from two previous European project, one for the efficient separation of H2 and CO2 from BFG, and one for the production of methanol from a CO2-H2 syngas stream. Production of methanol from CO2 offers the unique combination of scale, efficiency and economic value necessary to achieve large scale carbon reduction targets. The pilot plant will run for a total of three months divided over three different runs with a nominal production rate of up to 50 kg/hr from an input of 800 m3/hr BFG. This size is commensurate with operation at TRL6, where all the essential steps in the process must be joined together in an industrial environment.
Start date:
1 November, 2016
End date:
31 October, 2020

SPIRE-02-2016
FUDIPO
Full Title: Future Directions of Production Planning and Optimized Energy- and Process Industries
Aim:

The FUDIPO project will integrate machine learning functions on a wide scale into several critical process industries, showcasing radical improvements in energy and resource efficiency and increasing the competitiveness of European industry.

Concept:
The approach is to construct physical process models, which then are continuously adapted using “good data” while “bad data” is used for fault diagnostics. After learning, classification of data can be automated. Further, statistical models are built from measurements with several new types of sensors combined with standard process sensors.
Start date:
1 October, 2016
End date:
30 September, 2020

SPIRE-12-2017
HARMONI
Full Title: Harmonised assessment of regulatory bottlenecks and standardisation needs for the process industry
Aim:
Start date:
1 August, 2017
End date:

EE-18-2015
I-ThERM
Full Title: Industrial Thermal Energy Recovery Conversion and Management
Aim:

To develop and demonstrate technologies and processes for efficient and cost effective heat recovery from industrial facilities in the temperature range 70 oC to 1000 oC and the optimum integration of these technologies with the existing energy system or for over the fence export of recovered heat and generated electricity if appropriate.

Concept:
The project will focus on two-phase innovative heat transfer technologies (heat pipes-HP) for the recovery of heat from medium and low temperature sources and the use of this heat for; a) within the same facility or export over the fence; b) for generation of electrical power; or a combination of (a) and (b) depending on the needs. For power generation the project will develop and demonstrate at industrial sites the Trilateral Flush System (TFC) for low temperature waste heat sources, 70 oC to 200 oC and the Supercritical Carbon Dioxide System (sCO2) for temperatures above 200 oC. It is projected that these technologies used alone or in combination with the HP technologies will lead to energy and GFG emission savings well in excess of 15% and attractive economic performance with payback periods of less than 3 years.
Start date:
1 October, 2015
End date:
31 March, 2019

SPIRE-08-2015
IbD
Full Title: Intensified by Design® for the intensification of processes involving solids handling
Aim:

IbD® will create a holistic platform for facilitating process intensification in processes in which solids are an intrinsic part, the cornerstone of which will be an intensified-by-design® (IbD). Through five IbD®- enabled industrial process intensification case studies, the project will develop and upgrade methods for the handling of solids in continuous production units based, on the one hand, on the intensification of currently existing processes and, on the other hand, through completely new approaches to the processing of solids.

Concept:
The IbD approach is hinged on the use of robust data about a process to ‘redesign’, modify, adapt and alter that process in a continuous, intensified system, and will be the new paradigm in the intensification of processes based on statistical, analytical and risk management methodologies in the design, development and processing of high quality safe and tailored chemicals, pharmaceuticals, minerals, ceramics, etc. under intensified processes.
Start date:
1 September, 2015
End date:
31 August, 2018

SPIRE-08-2017
ICO2CHEM
Full Title: From industrial CO2 streams to added value Fischer-Tropsch chemicals
Aim:
Start date:
3 August, 2017
End date:

SPIRE-01-2014
iCspec
Full Title: in-line Cascade laser spectrometer for process control
Aim:

Develop gas analysers beyond the state-of-the-art for fast in-line multi-component monitoring of gas compositions in a process stream and to replace currently employed analysers as gas chromatographs or Fourier-Transform-Infrared spectrometers.

Concept:
Extend the established laser-based in-line gas sensing to the mid-infrared “chemical finger print” spectral range for multi-species detection and thus develop wide wavelength range Mid-IR laser gas analysers for fast inline multi-component monitoring of gas compositions. For this, novel semiconductor Mid-IR laser sources will be developed and integrated into in-line gas analysing measurement schemes suported by the advancements of spectroscopic and chemometric data evaluation.
Start date:
1 April, 2015
End date:
31 March, 2018

SPIRE-04-2016
IMPROOF
Full Title: Integrated model guided process optimization of steam cracking furnaces
Aim:

The objective of the project IMPROOF is to drastically improve the energy efficiency of steam cracking furnaces by at least 20%, in a cost effective way, while simultaneously reducing emissions of greenhouse gasses and NOx per ton ethylene produced by at least 25%.

Concept:
One important way to reduce the energy input in steam cracking furnaces is to reduce coke formation on the reactor wall. The use of either advanced coil materials, combined with 3D reactor designs, improved process control, and more uniform heat transfer will increase run lengths, reducing simultaneously CO2 emissions and the lifetime of the furnaces. Biogas and bio-oil will be used as alternative fuels because they are considered renewable, and hence, decrease net CO2 production. Application of high emissivity coatings on the external surface of the radiant coils will further substantially improve the energy consumption. Less firing is required to reach the same process temperatures in the radiant coils. This will reduce fuel gas consumption and CO2 emissions by 10 to 15%. IMPROOF will demonstrate the advantage of combining all these technological innovations with an anticipated increase of the time on stream with a factor 3.
Start date:
1 September, 2016
End date:
31 August, 2020

EE-18-2015
Indus3Es
Full Title: Industrial Energy and Environment Efficiency
Aim:

Indus3Es project focuses on the development and demonstration in real environment of heat recovery in large industrial systems. The Indus3Es project will develop an innovative Absorption Heat Transformer to recover the low temperature waste heat, nowadays rejected from industries, due to the low quality of heat and the currently used technologies. A single effect heat transformer can increase the temperature of approximately 50% of the waste heat by approximately 50K (depending on available heat sink).”

Start date:
1 October, 2015
End date:
30 June, 2019

SPIRE-06-2016
INSPIRE
Full Title: Towards growth for business by flexible processing in customer-driven value chains
Aim:

INSPIRE aims at increasing the competitiveness of European manufacturing which depends on producing differentiated and high added value products in an efficient and sustainable manner, with reduced production costs, increased product quality, minimised time to market and optimized strategies towards resource efficiency. The main focus of this project is the development of innovative business models creating flexible networks through the use of intensified processing that would promote more local production in Europe within the 5 years after the end of this study. 

Concept:
The project takes an interesting and valuable approach by bringing together the (downstream) manufacturing (“Factory of the Future”) community with the (upstream) process industry (SPIRE) community, as well as regional industrial clusters (parks) to study required changes of business models in Europe, due to a.o. 1) further integration of these industries in the value chain leading to more flexible and demand driven business operation and 2) increased trends towards resource sharing and optimization across multiple process industries (e.g. through industrial symbiosis within regional contexts such as industrial parks). Special attention will also be given to how this approach would be responding to the needs of SMEs as partners in value chains. Expected outcome of this project would be the description of the current European landscape and link between intensified processing and flexibility, development of innovative business models for different sectors in general, and providing a guideline to measure the performance of such novel models under different scenarios.
Start date:
1 September, 2016
End date:
31 August, 2018

SPIRE-01-2016
INSPIREWATER
Full Title: INSPIREWATER - Innovative Solutions in the Process Industry for next generation Resource Efficient Water management
Aim:

INSPIREWATER demonstrates a holistic approach for water management in the process industry using innovative technology solutions from European companies to increase water and resource efficiency in the process industry.

Concept:
INSPIREWATER addresses non-technical barriers as well as technical, as innovation needs both components and demonstrates them in the steel and chemical industry. A flexible system for water management in industries that can be integrated to existing systems is worked out and demonstrated to facilitate implementation of technical innovations. Technical innovations in the area of selected membrane technologies, strong field magnetic particle separator, and a catalyst to prevent biofouling are demonstrated, including valorisation of waste heat. This will increase process water efficiency as well as resource, water and energy savings in the process industry.
Start date:
1 October, 2016
End date:
31 March, 2020

SPIRE-03-2016
KARMA2020
Full Title: Industrial Feather Waste Valorisation for Sustainable KeRatin based MAterials
Aim:

The overall objective of KaRMA2020 is the industrial exploitation of underutilized waste to obtain added value raw materials for the chemical sector: keratin, bioplastics, flame retardant coatings, non-woven and thermoset biobased resins.

Concept:
This will be accomplished through either: i) innovative and sustainable approaches (already patented by some of KaRMA2020 partners), or ii) conventional and economic techniques. The obtained raw materials will be manufactured at industrial scale and further used for the production of novel bio-based products such as: slow release fertilizers, biodegradable food packaging plastics, flame retardant coated textiles and flame retardant thermoset biobased composites. The sustainability of the new raw materials and end-products will be evaluated through LCA assessment.
Start date:
1 January, 2017
End date:
1 January, 2020

SPIRE-06-2015
MAESTRI
Full Title: Total resource and energy efficiency management system for process industries
Aim:

The MAESTRI project aims to advance the sustainability of European manufacturing and process industries. This is done by providing a management system in the form of a flexible and scalable platform, and to guide and simplify the implementation of an innovative approach, the Total Efficiency Framework. The overall aim of this framework is to encourage a culture of improvement within process industries by assisting the decision-making process, supporting the development of improvement strategies and helping define the priorities to improve the company's environmental and economic performance. Its development and validation will be achieved through application in four real industrial settings across a variety of activity sectors.

Concept:
The Total Efficiency Framework will be based on four main pillars to overcome the current barriers and promote sustainable improvements: a) an effective management system targeted at process and continuous improvement; b) efficiency assessment tools to define improvement and optimisation strategies and support decision-making processes; c) integration with a toolkit for Industrial Symbiosis focusing on material and energy exchange; d) a software Platform, based on the Internet of Things (IoT), to simplify the concept implementation and ensure an integrated control of improvement process.
Start date:
1 September, 2015
End date:
31 August, 2019

SPIRE-04-2014
MEASURE
Full Title: Metrics for Sustainability Assessment in European Process Industries
Aim:

The European project MEASURE stands for harmonised cross-sectorial sustainability assessment in the European process industries.

Concept:
The project team will focus on the following main topics: - Critical points in current practice due to interfaces between sectors and/or along the supply chain, - From single sector to cross-sectorial supply chain [data] management by full Life Cycle Sustainability assessment on the example of the industrial sectors chemistry & consumer goods, steel & automotive as well as waste treatment, and - From research & development to full scale production using the right tools. The outcome will be a roadmap providing recommendations for standards as well as best-practice methods and tools for life cycle based evaluation approaches in process industries and sustainable process design.
Start date:
1 January, 2015
End date:
31 March, 2016

SPIRE-02-2014
MefCO2
Full Title: MefCO2 (Methanol fuel from CO2) - Synthesis of methanol from captured carbon dioxide using surplus electricity.
Aim:

<p>To develop an innovative green chemical production technology which contributes significantly to the European objectives of decreasing CO2 emissions and increasing renewable energy usage, thereby improving Europe’s competitiveness in the field.</p>

Concept:
The overall concept underpinning the project lies in the utilisation of ordinarily emitted greenhouse gas carbon dioxide and hydrogen, produced from redundant electrical energy into a widely-useable platform chemical, methanol. The technology is being designed in a modular intermediate-scale, with the aim of being able to adapt it to varying plant sizes and gas composition. https://spire2030.eu/mefco2
Start date:
1 December, 2014
End date:
30 November, 2018

SPIRE-05-2015
MEMERE
Full Title: MEthane activation via integrated MEmbrane REactors
Aim:

The key objective of the MEMERE project is the design, scale-up and validation of a novel membrane reactor for the direct conversion of methane into C2H4 with integrated air separation.

Concept:
The focus of the project is on the air separation through novel MIEC membranes integrated within a reactor operated at high temperature for OCM allowing integration of different process steps in a single multifunctional unit and achieving much higher yields compared with conventional reactor.
Start date:
1 October, 2015
End date:
30 September, 2019

SPIRE-02-2014
MOBILE FLIP
Full Title: Mobile and Flexible Industrial Processing of Biomass
Aim:

MOBILE FLIP aims at developing and demonstrating mobile processes for the treatment of underexploited agro- and forest based biomass resources into products and intermediates. The processes will be evaluated in terms of raw material flexibility, as the biomass resources are typically scattered and seasonal.

Concept:
Process concepts have been designed around the key technologies pelletizing, torrefaction, slow pyrolysis, hydrothermal pretreatment and carbonisation.
Start date:
1 January, 2015
End date:
31 December, 2018

SPIRE-02-2016
MONSOON
Full Title: MOdel based coNtrol framework for Site-wide OptimizatiON of data-intensive processes
Aim:

MONSOON aims to establish a data-driven methodology to support the identification and exploitation of optimization potentials by applying multi-scale model based predictive controls in production processes.

Concept:
MONSOON will be developed and evaluated in two sites from the aluminium and plastics domains. The aluminium scenario will be focused on predictive monitoring of potlines, targeting early detection of anomalies and identification of potential optimization gains. The plastics scenario will focus on fusing data from data-intensive in-mould sensors with information from higher SCADA levels, enabling early and precise identification of potential issues.
Start date:
1 October, 2016
End date:
30 September, 2019

SPIRE-07-2017
MORSE
Full Title: Model-based optimisation for efficient use of resources and energy
Aim:
Start date:
1 August, 2017
End date:

SPIRE-09-2017
NOVUM
Full Title: Pilot line based on novel manufacturing technologies for cellulose-based electrical insulation components
Aim:
Start date:
3 August, 2017
End date:

SPIRE-10-2017
OCEAN
Full Title: Oxaclic acid from CO2 using Elcetrochemistry At demonstratioN scale
Aim:

The OCEAN project aims to develop an integrated process for the production of high-value C2 chemicals from carbon
dioxide using electrochemistry. This will be achieved by: 1) improving and optimizing a TRL5 technology that can convert
carbon dioxide to formate, to TRL6. OCEAN will bring this technology just one-step away from commercialization, by
demonstrating this technology at the site of an industrial electricity provider, converting 250 g of CO2 per hour at 1.5 kA/m2.
The energy efficiency will be improved by coupling the cathodic reaction to the oxidation of glucose at the anode, using a
novel technology to match the kinetics of the reactions at both electrodes. The obtained formate can be converted to oxalate.
2)Developing new electrochemical methodologies to further convert formate and oxalate to formic acid and oxalic acid,
respectively. Novel salt-splitting will be investigated using bipolar membranes. Again, this allows for direct coupling with an
electrosynthesis step at the anode and/or cathode. 3) Developing new electrochemical methodologies by converting oxalic
acid to glycolic acid and other high-value C2-products, these will be benchmarked with conventional hydrogenation. 4)
Integrating the TRL6 and new (TRL4-5) electrochemical technologies in an industrial process, aimed at the production of
high-value C2 products and polymers thereof by developing the process steps needed to produce oxalate, C2 products and
polymers. 5) Demonstrating the economic feasibility by performing a market analysis and making a business case and
exploitation strategy. Overall, OCEAN aims at addressing the critical elements that are currently hindering new
electrochemical processes by targeting high value products that have the corresponding production margin to introduce this
technology on the market, lower the power costs by combining oxidation and reduction, and a trans-disciplinary approach
that is needed for the introduction of these advanced technologies.

Concept:
The objectives and main approach of OCEAN are: 1. Demonstration of the industrial feasibility: 3 leading SME’s from several countries in Europe will work together to develop a demonstration reactor, the Demo Cell, to proof the industrial feasibility of the electrochemical conversion of carbon dioxide to formate a. They will collaborate to optimize electrode design (GKL), optimize the process and technology and automate it (AVT) and manufacture the cell (HYS) b. Demonstration will be done at the site of the industrial partner (RWE), using real CO2 streams. 2. New electrochemical methodologies: To increase energy efficiency of the Demo Cell and of the electrochemical salt splitting, new electrochemical technology will be developed: the reduction of CO2 will be coupled to an anodic reaction: glucose to glucaric acid. This will avoid the production of oxygen gas at the anode, and make the overall process much more energy efficient. To match the kinetics of the reactions at the anode and cathode, the technology of GENS, an SME with a promising technology in this area will be demonstrated OCEAN. 3. New electrochemical methodologies: The conversion of carboxylates to carboxylic acids will be advanced: the conventional salt splitting to produce the carboxylic acid and the hydroxide (see section State-of-the-art and ambition) generally produces hydrogen and oxygen, which is unavoidable. IIT, a research institute working on a.o. process intensification will address this issue by performing salt-splitting using bipolar membranes. This water is splitted at these membranes, the electrodes themselves can be used to couple an anodic or cathodic reaction to the salt-splitting. 4. Integration into existing industrial operations: In OCEAN, electrochemistry will be integrated into industrial process, by also investigating further downstream process steps of the reduction product of CO2 to create high value products: oxalic acid, ethylene glycol, glycolic acid and polymers. R&D of these steps will be a strong collaboration between SMEs and research institutes a. AVT will further optimize the process to convert formate to oxalate using catalytic calcination, and HYS will engineer and manufacture a new reactor design for this reaction b. In this part, the steps to high-value products will be investigated: i. ERIC will investigate the hydrogenation of oxalic acid to ethylene glycol, both electrocatalytic and chemocatalytic in order to compare. ii. The UVA will investigate 2 pathways to produce glycolic acid: 1) from formate using hydroformulation, which could be an alternative to the catalytic calcination of formate to make C2 products, and 2) by the hydrogenation of oxalic acid. The latter will be done in collaboration with ERIC. iii. The UVA will investigate existing and new applications of oxalic acid and glycolic acid, focussing on polymers 5. Proof the economic feasibility: Using the relevant info from all OCEAN partners, AVT and RWE will develop a strong business case which will take into account next to CAPEX and OPEX info also site-specific info such as scale (feedstock availability), feedstock concentration/purity, energy cost, etc. (objective 2) For several process steps, the electrochemical process steps will be compared to conventional conversions: eg. the electrochemical acidification will be compared with chemical acidification, and the electrochemical reduction of oxalic acid will be investigated both electrocatalytic and chemocatalytic. Not only will this provide input for the Business Case economics, but it also potentially allows transferring chemocatalytic concepts into electrocatalytic reactions. 6. Proof the impact on the environment: a Life Cycle Analysis will be performed by IIT to investigate the reduction in energy use and greenhouse gas emissions and the resource efficiency. Overall, OCEAN will foster strong collaboration between the 4 SME’s to develop an electrochemical Demo Cell at TRL6, demonstrated at site of industrial partner. Novel electrochemical technology and process steps will be integrated into an industrial process, by strong collaboration between SME’s, research institutes, and an industrial partner to develop a business case and exploitation strategy.
Start date:
1 October, 2017
End date:
30 September, 2021

CIRC-01-2016-2017
PAPERCHAIN
Full Title: New market niches for the Pulp and Paper Industry waste based on circular economy approaches
Aim:
Concept:
Europe is the second world producer of pulp and paper, manufacturing 130 million tonnes in 2014 and representing 23% of world production. The EU pulp and paper manufacturing and converting industries generate an annual turnover of €180 billion, representing 1,26% of the European GDP. In particular, the Pulp and Paper industry (PPI) has a turnover of €75 billion, comprises 920 plants and provides 180,000 jobs in Europe directly, and 1.5 million in the value chain. This sector is resource intensive and produces 11 million tonnes of waste yearly . It has been found that 25-40% of municipal solid waste generated each year worldwide is paper-related. Furthermore, Europe is nowadays facing the challenge of resource scarcity and more efficient use. If managed in a sustainable manner, PPI waste can become a valuable raw material for other resource intensive industries such as the construction (i.e 5,4 billion tonnes of raw material consumption) or the chemical industry (1 billion tonnes). Mining industry waste generation is estimated at up to 20.000 million tons of solid waste yearly, and relevant part of this waste needs to be kept in environmental safety conditions, which in turn implies additional use of resources (e.g borrow materials). New widespread markets are needed to extend the valorisation operations, reduce the landfilling rates and increase the competitiveness of the PPIs creating new added value markets for their inorganic waste. The overall objective of PAPERCHAIN is to deploy five novel circular economy models centred in the valorisation of the waste streams generated by the PPI as secondary raw material for a number of resource intensive sectors: construction sector, mining sector and chemical industry. PAPERCHAIN aims to unlock the potential of a resource efficient model based on industrial symbiosis which will demonstrate the potential of the major non-hazardous waste streams generated by the PPI as valuable secondary raw material.
Start date:
1 June, 2017
End date:
31 May, 2021

CIRC-01-2016-2017
PlastiCircle
Full Title: Improvement of the plastic packaging waste chain from a circular economy approach
Aim:
Start date:
1 June, 2017
End date:
31 May, 2021

CIRC-01-2016-2017
PolyCE
Full Title: Post-Consumer High-tech Recycled Polymers for a Circular Economy
Aim:
Concept:
Various activities address the WEEE value chain in order to reduce waste generation and enhance the sustainable resource management through use of recycled materials instead of their virgin counterparts. While the system for metals recycling is already well established, the rising volumes of waste plastics point to stalemates in the current plastics economy, which hamper its shift to a more circular model. Although there are individual efforts to improve the collection and recycling of WEEE plastics, the plastics value chain is still too fragmented and WEEE recycled plastics seem unattractive material for the end-user. To shift towards circular economy a systematic transformation is required, involving all actors in the value chain and encompassing the entire lifecycle of plastic materials. While substantially reducing the WEEE plastics generation and enhancing the use of recycled plastics in new applications, PolyCE will demonstrate the feasibility of circular plastics supply and value chain. In particular, PolyCE will elaborate harmonized set of technical requirements addressing the entire value chain and develop grade system for recycled plastics according to their material properties and final application suitability. Accordingly, PolyCE will strengthen the market for recycled plastics through an online platform integrating the different plastic grades. In parallel, the technical and economic feasibility as well as environmental benefits of using recycled plastics will be validated in several electronics demonstrators. In addition, PolyCE will provide Guidelines for designing new electronics products with recycled plastics. The project’s impact will be scaled up by involving target cities and their green public procurement initiatives; by EU-wide information and awareness raising campaigns. PolyCE will establish a feedback loop from the research activities, provide policy input regarding technical feasibilities and policy conflicts from technical perspective
Start date:
1 June, 2017
End date:
31 May, 2021

SPIRE-09-2017
PORTABLECRAC
Full Title: PORTABLE SOLUTION FOR THE ELECTROCHEMICAL REGENERATION OF ACTIVATED CARBON
Aim:

PORTABLECRAC has the purpose of developing an environmentally friendly and economically beneficial technology, to regenerate the activated carbon used in small and large industry for water filtration. Major focus will be in the adaptation of a compact and portable device that will improve the flexibility, operational and investment costs significantly with respect to existing equipment (assuring replicability and up-scaling of the proposed solution).

Concept:
PORTABLECRAC is a flexible solution tackling different niches, that will allow an in-site treatment service by compact/portable prototypes able to adapt to client´s needs with huge economic and environmental impacts. PORTABLECRAC will provide a successful business case to Pilot Plant applied to either water consumption or chemical niches. PORTABLECRAC will offer batch micro-solution to clients with low requirements of carbon regeneration or continuous solutions to clients with high demand of carbon regeneration. Additionally, in-site operation at end-user´s will report transport cost and time savings for end-users. Indeed, the utilization of electrochemistry instead of thermal technology will reduce considerably carbon footprint, energy input and wastes. By contrast, specifically water wastes reduction will be achieved by contaminant elimination via oxidation.
Start date:
1 October, 2017
End date:
30 September, 2020

SPIRE-05-2015
PRINTCR3DIT
Full Title: Process Intensification through Adaptable Catalytic Reactors made by 3D Printing
Aim:

The concept of PRINTCR3DIT is to employ 3D printing to boost process intensification in the chemical industries by adapting reactors and structured catalysts to the requirements of the reaction. This manufacturing technique is particularly useful in reactions where diffusion, mixing and/or heat transfer are limitations against reaching higher performance. The utilization of the concept of 3D printing will also reduce the resource utilization of reactor and catalyst manufacture, energy consumed (< 15%) and transportation.

Concept:
The methodology will be applied to three markets of fine chemicals, specialty chemicals and fertilizers, ranging from few tons to millions of tons of production per year. This demonstrates the enormous versatility of 3D printing for reactor and catalyst designs that cannot be improved with traditional building and design tools. For all these processes, the challenges to be solved are thermal management, innovative reactor design and flow distribution.
Start date:
1 October, 2015
End date:
30 September, 2018

SPIRE-03-2014
PRODIAS
Full Title: PROcessing Diluted Aqueous Systems
Aim:

Key players of the European process industry from the areas of biotechnology, renewable resources, chemistry, process engineering, equipment supply as well as research organizations collaborate to meet major challenges in white biotechnology and renewables processing via realizing a substantial improvement in downstream processing.

Concept:
A re-thinking of downstream process development, the optimization of separation technologies and suitable methodologies for fast-track development of tailored downstream processes are needed to boost the competitiveness of renewable based processes. These challenges are addressed in PRODIAS in order to unlock the potential of the renewable-based product market for the European process industry via significantly decreased production cost, increased productivity and efficiency, faster process development and significantly lower energy consumption.
Start date:
1 January, 2015
End date:
31 December, 2018

SPIRE-01-2014
ProPAT
Full Title: Robust and affordable process control technologies for improving standards and optimising industrial operations
Aim:

ProPAT aims to develop novel sensors and analysers for providing measurements on composition, particle size and local bulk properties, as well as more traditional but smart sensors for measuring other process parameters, such as temperature, flowrate, pressure, etc., and integrate them into a versatile global control platform for data acquisition, data processing & mining and User Interface in order to measure properties of process streams and products, accurately and in real-time.

Concept:
The PAT initiative focuses on building quality into the product and processes, as well as continuous process improvement. Essentially, integrating on-line measurement and/or modelling of critical quality attributes with automated feedback control of the process parameters impacting these attributes can ensure more efficient control of processes, reducing product variability, which will subsequently reduce the risk of releasing off-spec product into downstream discreet manufacturing, and increase customers’ satisfaction, thereby preventing products being rejected (and discarded) further down the supply chain.
Start date:
1 January, 2015
End date:
31 December, 2018

SPIRE-01-2014
RECOBA
Full Title: Cross-sectorial real-time sensing, advanced control and optimisation of batch processes saving energy and raw materials
Aim:

The RECOBA project aims to improve product quality, efficiency and flexibility of and in batch processes.

Concept:
Ten cooperation partners will make use of an online, model predictive control of complex batch processes for the production of emulsion polymers, steel, and silicon metal through the application of new sensor technologies, process models and automation tools. The consortium will focus on three different material systems to demonstrate the cross-sectorial applicability of developed sensors, optimization and control methods, with the goal of optimizing product quality, energy consumption, raw materials utilization and production costs of the considered processes.
Start date:
1 January, 2015
End date:
31 December, 2017

SPIRE-08-2017
RECODE
Full Title: Recycling carbon dioxide in the cement industry to produce added-value additives: a step towards a CO2 circular economy
Aim:
Start date:
3 August, 2017
End date:

SPIRE-07-2015
REE4EU
Full Title: Integrated high temperature electrolysis (HTE) and Ion Liquid Extraction (ILE) for a strong and independent European Rare Earth Elements Supply Chain.
Aim:

The REE4EU project will realize a breakthrough in securing the availability of rare earth elements in Europe, providing for the first time, a cost effective and efficient method of extraction and direct Rare Earth Alloys production from abundantly available in-process and end-of-life rare earth-containing waste streams. REE4EU will also develop urgently required market data on end-of-life rare earth availability and a triple value-chain business case for a new European secondary rare earth alloys production sector.

Start date:
1 January, 2015
End date:

SPIRE-03-2016
REHAP
Full Title: Systemic approach to Reduce Energy demand and CO2 emissions of processes that transform agroforestry waste into High Added value Products
Aim:

REHAP aims at revalorizing agricultural (wheat straw) and forestry (bark) waste through its recovery, and primary (sugars, lignin, tannins) and secondary (sugar acids, carboxylic acids, aromatics and resins) processing to turn them into novel materials, and considering Green Building as business case.

Concept:
The project will provide reductions in utilization of fossil resources of 80-100%, and energy utilization and CO2 emissions above 30%. Building blocks (1,4 and 2,3-Butanediol, estherpolyols), materials (PUs, phenolic resins, modified hydrolysis lignin) and products (wooden boards, insulation foams, cement, adhesive) will be obtained. Developed processing technologies (chemo/thermo/enzymatic and fermentation) will be optimized at pilot scale (TRL6-7) for further exploitation and replication of results. All products will be integrated in a prototype to demonstrate industrial applicability into the Green Construction sector.
Start date:
1 October, 2016
End date:
30 September, 2020

SPIRE-07-2015
REMAGHIC
Full Title: New Recovery Processes to produce Rare Earth -Magnesium Alloys of High Performance and Low Cost
Aim:

REMAGHIC is focused on contributing to Europe’s rare earth recovery and magnesium recycling technologies, improving the efficiencies of these processes and advancing the technology readiness levels for a new generation of industrial processes that will produce new low cost competitive alloys for a wide variety of sectors across Europe’s manufacturing value chain. The project motivation lies on the fact that magnesium alloys can offer a significant weight reduction when compared to aluminium alloys. weight reduction is a cross sectorial key design driver, if a superior energy absorption and vibratory behaviour is added, magnesium is promising candidate for future application if some of its drawbacks are overcome, such as its cost, manufacturability problems, corrosion and creep behaviour and low allowable service temperature. Addition of Rare Earth Elements (REE) improves the performance of Mg alloys significantly, though a price increase has to be taken into account. REMAGHIC believes that by investing in recovery and recycling technologies, a new alloying process can be developed to yield low cost Mg+REE alloys. In order to do this, REE that are usually stockpiled (Ce, La) in favour of the most demanded ones (Nd, Dy) will be considered as attractive candidates to lower the price. This list of REE will be completed by other promising candidates found in the literature (Y, Gd, Sm). The project will contribute to reducing the dependency of the supply of critical elements (REE and Mg) on sources exterior to the EU and to solving the REE Balance Problem.

Concept:
REMAGHIC will contribute to the penetration of magnesium alloys in important sectors for the European industry (Transport, Energy, Biomedicine); it will foster the work done by Tier1s, and promote the interest of different OEMs on future generations of light structural components of competitive performance (that of primary Mg+REE alloys), low cost (that of primary Mg) and weight reduction (30%).
Start date:
1 September, 2015
End date:
31 August, 2018

WASTE-01-2014
RESLAG
Full Title: Turning waste from steel industry into a valuable low cost feedstock for energy intensive industry
Aim:

The main aim of RESLAG is to prove that there are industrial sectors able to make an effective use of the 2.9 Mt/y of landfilled slag, if properly supported by the right technologies. In making this prof, the RESLAG project will also prove that there are other very important environmental benefits coming from an “active” use of the slag in industrial processes, as CO2 saving (up to 970 kt/y from CSP applications, at least 71 kg/ton of produced steel from heat recovery applications), and elimination of negative impacts associated with mining (from the recovery of valuable metals and from the production of ceramic materials).

Concept:
To achieve this ambitious goal four large-scale demonstrations to recycle steel slag are considered: Extraction of non-ferrous high added metals; TES for heat recovery applications; TES to increase dispatchability of the CSP plant electricity; Production of innovative refractory ceramic compounds. Overall, the RESLAG project aims at an innovative organizational steel by-products management model able to reach high levels of resource and energy efficiency, which considers a cascade of upgrading processes and a life cycle perspective.
Start date:
1 September, 2015
End date:
28 February, 2019

WASTE-01-2014
RESYNTEX
Full Title: A new circular economy concept: from textile waste towards chemical and textile industries feedstock
Aim:

The objective of RESYNTEX is to create a new circular economy concept for the textile and chemical industries. Through industrial symbiosis, it aims to produce secondary raw materials from textile waste.

Concept:
The project models a complete value chain from textile waste collection through to new marketable feedstock for the chemical and textile industries. It will focus on the reprocessing of blends and pure components of unwearable textile waste. Moreover, it will improve collection approaches and increase public awareness of and social involvement with the issue of textile waste, enable traceability of waste processing using data aggregation, develop innovative business models for the chemical and textile industries, and demonstrate a complete reprocessing line for basic textile components, including liquid and solid waste treatment.
Start date:
1 June, 2015
End date:
30 November, 2018

SPIRE-01-2016
ReWaCEM
Full Title: Resource recovery from industrial waste water by cutting edge membrane technologies
Aim:

The ReWaCEM project aims at reducing water use, wastewater production, energy use and water footprint by between 30-90% as well as increasing valuable metal resource recovery in the metal plating, galvanizing and printed circuit board industry.

Concept:
To achieve its objectives, ReWaCEM will adopt two cutting edge membrane technologies suitable for the requirements of closed material cycles approaches and recovery concepts in metal processing industry: Diffusion Dialysis (DD) and Membrane Distillation (MD) as an integrated hybrid process. This combination of existing technologies will be adapted to fit the requirements of 4 pilot demonstration sites in representative industrial applications of the metallurgical industry. After evaluations, a highly attractive technological solution for low energy wastewater treatment will be available to be introduced into the large and growing market of metal processing. This market will profit significantly from the technological outcome of this innovation action, with cost savings and environmental benefits as relevant rewards. In order to maximise impact, the project consortium gathers end users, scientific partners, associations, decision makers and SMEs with the intention for further mobilisation towards promoting innovative membrane solutions for industrial water and resources management, leading to the effective implementation of European directives and policies while creating market opportunities for European industry and SMEs.
Start date:
1 October, 2016
End date:
30 September, 2019

SPIRE-05-2015
ROMEO
Full Title: Reactor Optimisation by Membrane enhanced Operation
Aim:

Industry and academia have teamed up around a new reactor concept using membranes to carry out chemical synthesis and downstream processing in a single step. A new level of process intensification for catalytic driven and eco-friendly reaction systems is at hand: ROMEO’s aim is to reduce energy consumption by up to 80% and emissions by up to 90% in industrial catalytic gas-phase reactions.

Concept:
The new technology concept will be proven by two prominent large volume reactions: a demo plant for hydroformylation will be built while another demo will show the feasibility of the concept for the water-gas shift reaction, in which carbon monoxide and water react to form hydrogen. These processes for bulk chemicals and bio-energy applications have been chosen to demonstrate the high impact of the ROMEO technology in a near industrial environment.
Start date:
14 September, 2015
End date:
13 September, 2019

SPIRE-04-2014
SAMT
Full Title: Sustainability assessment methods and tools to support decision-making in the process industries (2015-2016)
Aim:

The aim of the SAMT project is to review and make recommendations about the most potential methods for evaluating sustainability in the process industry, focusing especially on energy and resource efficiency. SAMT will collect, evaluate and communicate the experiences of leading industrial actors from cement, oil, metal, water, waste and chemical industry, and review the latest scientific developments within the field of sustainability assessment. A central outcome of the project is a strategy for implementing best practices across different sectors of the process industry.

Concept:
SAMT is a coordination and support action that promotes cross-sectorial learning and uptake of the most promising tools by conducting case studies, organizing workshops and identifying needs for future R&D and standardization.
Start date:
1 January, 2015
End date:
31 December, 2016

SPIRE-13-2017
SCALER
Full Title: Scaling European Resources with Industrial Symbiosis
Aim:
Start date:
3 August, 2017
End date:

SPIRE-06-2015
SHAREBOX
Full Title: Secure Management Platform for Shared Process Resources
Aim:

Sharebox will develop a secure platform for the flexible management of shared process resources that will provide plant operations and production managers with the robust and reliable information that they need in real-time in order to effectively and confidently share resources (plant, energy, water, residues, and recycled materials) with other companies in an optimum symbiotic eco-system.

Concept:
Industrial symbiosis (IS) is the use by one company or sector of by-products, including energy, water, logistics and materials, from another. IS networks have proven successful not only in diverting waste from landfill, but also in contributing to the preservation of resources and moving waste up the value chain. They have also been an accelerator of innovation and creation of green jobs. The European Resource Efficiency Platform has championed IS as a mechanism for reducing carbon, preserving critical resources and securing business sustainability. However, inadequate business-to-business information on, for example, what resources a product or process contains hinders efficient material flows and the creation of value in the circular economy.
Start date:
1 September, 2015
End date:
31 August, 2019

SPIRE-10-2017
SIDERWIN
Full Title: Development of new methodologies for industrial CO2-free steel production by electrowinning
Aim:
Start date:
3 August, 2017
End date:

EE-17-2016
Smartrec
Full Title: Developing a standard modularised solution for flexible and adaptive integration of heat recovery and thermal storage capable of recovery and management of waste heat
Aim:

Waste heat is a significantly underused resource in the process industries. Secondary aluminium recycling and ceramic processing were identified as key examples with economically recoverable waste heat. Smartrec meets the inherent challenges (e.g. batch-based processes with corrosive particulate-laden flue gas over a wide temperature range) by the development of a standard, modular solution for the integration of heat recovery with thermal storage that valorises medium to high grade waste heat, adaptable to different temperatures and industries.

Concept:
Following an end-user analysis and characterisation of exhaust streams and waste products, a life cycle costing and assessment will be carried out with candidate molten salts selected for thermal storage and heat transfer fluid, validated by corrosion testing. A custom heat pipe heat exchanger will be modelled and designed around the requirements of heat transport capacity wick structure and capable of heat exchange with a molten salt pumping loop. This loop will include a dual media thermocline thermal storage system with cost/system modelling, validation and instrumentation incorporated. A pilot will be built in a secondary aluminium recycler and/or ceramic processor valorising high grade heat for continuous salt-cake recycling. Smartrec will be validated by integration with existing systems including a fully developed instrumentation framework. A knowledge-based tool, with all relevant parameters to model the system fully, will allow users to determine their needs & benefits and integrate Smartrec in their own systems via an open access workshop.
Start date:
1 September, 2016
End date:
31 August, 2019

SPIRE-01-2016
SPOTVIEW
Full Title: Sustainable Processes and Optimized Technologies for Industrially Efficient Water Usage
Aim:

The objective of the SPOTVIEW project is to develop and demonstrate innovative, sustainable and efficient processes and technology components, in order to optimize the use of natural resources, especially water, in three industrial sectors (Dairy, Pulp and Paper and Steel) contributing to 44% of industrial water usage in EU.

Concept:
A total of 14 existing and new technologies will be assessed during the project, including solid/liquid separation, ultrafiltration, deionization, biological treatment, disinfection and chemical heat pump. The technology components will be assessed in simulated or operational environment for 9 new water management practices in the three industrial sectors. Up to 7 selected technologies demonstrators are planned in real industrial environment. The implemented process and technology will be evaluated in terms of environmental impacts and benefits, generated by achieving the SPOTVIEW targets (20% to 90% reduction of water usage, wastewater emissions, chemicals and energy use).
Start date:
3 October, 2016
End date:
2 April, 2020

SPIRE-11-2017
SPRING
Full Title: Setting the framework for the enhanced impact of SPIRE projects
Aim:
Start date:
1 September, 2017
End date:
1 September, 2019

SPIRE-02-2014
SteamBIO
Full Title: Flexible Superheated Steam Torrefaction and Grinding of Indigenous Biomass from Remote Rural Sources to Produce Stable Densified Feedstocks for Chemical and Energy Applications
Aim:

SteamBio will demonstrate in fields and forests an innovative mobile superheated steam process. This process will convert agro-forestry residues into stable feedstock for biochemical and bioenergy uses.

Concept:
The overall SteamBio concept is to create a commercially viable platform that can stabilise biomass materials close to source for subsequent biochemical and bioenergy uses. The platform will be scalable enabling both mobile deployment according to seasonal demands and fixed location for high volume throughputs.
Start date:
1 February, 2015
End date:
31 January, 2018

SPIRE-04-2014
STYLE
Full Title: Sustainability Toolkit for easY Life-cycle Evaluation
Aim:

Project STYLE ultimately seeks to identify and deliver a practical ‘toolkit’ that can be used by future EU projects and industry to assess the value (in sustainability terms) of new technologies and process modifications that seek to make resource and energy efficiency improvements.

Concept:
1. To identify best practice in sustainability evaluation, across multiple sectors in the process industries and through value chains, via inventory and classification of established approaches. 2. To test and deliver a practical ‘toolkit’ for sustainability evaluation of processes and products, spanning multiple sectors that is easily usable by non-practitioners of sustainability assessments. 3. To determine gaps, through critical assessment and validation, and identify future research needs to improve the ‘toolkit’ and ensure broad applicability across sectors.
Start date:
1 January, 2015
End date:
31 December, 2016

SPIRE-07-2017
SUPRIME
Full Title: Sustainable and flexible powder metallurgy processes optimization by a holistic reduction of raw material resources and energy consumption.
Aim:
Start date:
3 August, 2017
End date:

EE-18-2015
SUSPIRE
Full Title: Sustainable Production of Industrial Recovered Energy using energy dissipative and storage technologies
Aim:

SusPIRE project assimilates in its conception the sustainable energy use challenge described in the European SETPLAN and in SPIRE road map. It addresses its efforts to energy intensive industries and within this segment market to energy recovery from residual heat streams. To achieve this goal a two clearly differentiated working areas will be key aspects of this project. Technology area will include the development of materials and equipment. New Heat Transfer Fluids (HTF) and Phase Change Materials (PCM) will be the base for manufacture high efficiency heat exchangers in terms of energy capture and storage. Two Borehole Thermal Energy Storage (BTE) areas(low temperature range (30-50ºC) and medium (50-80ºC) will support a energy cascading concept where energy will be sequentially used and finally stored for further use or commercialized to third parties. The methodology aspects of this project want to establish a framework to foster the energy commercialization of surplus energy. Living areas, symbiosis with other companies in industrial parks, sports centers will beneficiate from cheaper energy, environmental impact reduction and social acceptance of energy intensive industrial activities. The coordination of the manufacturing and the energy recovery processes will be carried out by means of a smart methodology. A protocol definition software will deploy actions to create best practices in terms of process adjustment and operating instructions. Management concepts based on energy recovery rate as Key Process Indicator (KPI), will be integrated into the decision making mechanism of the company assuring permanent advances in this field of activity in forthcoming years.

Start date:
1 October, 2015
End date:
30 September, 2018

SPIRE-06-2015
SYMBIOPTIMA
Full Title: Human-mimetic approach to the integrated monitoring, management and optimization of a symbiotic cluster of smart production units
Aim:

SYMBIOPTIMA will improve European process industry efficiency levels by: (a) developing a crosssectorial energy & resource management platform for intra- and inter-cluster streams, characterized by a holistic model for the definition, life-cycle assessment and business management of a human-mimetic symbiotic cluster. The platform multi-layer architecture integrates process optimization and demand response strategies for the synergetic optimization of energy and resources within the sectors and across value chains. (b) Developing extensive, multi-disciplinary, modular and “plug&play” monitoring and elaboration of all relevant information flows of the symbiotic cluster. (c) Integrating all thermal energy sources, flows and sinks of the cluster into a systemic unified vision, as nodes of smart thermal energy grid. (d) Taking into account disruptive increase of cross-sectorial re-use for particularly impacting waste streams, proposing advanced WASTE2RESOURCE initiatives for PET.

Start date:
1 September, 2015
End date:
31 August, 2018

CIRC-01-2016-2017
Systemic
Full Title: Systemic large scale eco-innovation to advance circular economy and mineral recovery from organic waste in Europe
Aim:
Concept:
SYSTEMIC will reach a break-through to re-enter recovered nutrients from organic waste into the production cycle. Consequently, this will offer solutions for pressing environmental issues and to reduce the import of P as finite irreplaceable resource in mines. The SYSTEMIC project aims to shift the European Biomass treatment practice to the next level. Departing from existing business cases and a new ground-breaking large scale demonstration plant, the future of anaerobic digestion (AD) value chains will be investigated and demonstrated. The result will help existing and future AD-operators to maximise their performance: produce and sell more quality products, generate more energy and be independent on subsidies. By the market driven leadership, the SYSTEMIC-project will finally turn biomass waste into valuable products while reducing water pollution, greenhouse gas emission and creating quality jobs in rural areas. The planned demonstration plant will allow innovative combinations of modules to elaborate possible optimizations for increasing the production quantity and quality of new mineral products, and the integration of these products into a circular economy. Reflecting the experiences from the demonstration plant with a set of 4 mirror cases in different members states allow systemic innovation including end-user driven (a) specific technical development and (b) the cost efficient investigation of real world circular economy business cases and (c) operational, regulatory, institutional and contextual barriers to overcome. Using partial funding from the EC, the SYSTEMIC industry-driven consortium will validate for the first time the technical and economic viability of a fully integrated, multistep approach in an operational environment. The successful practical demonstration will put the European sector in a leading position to offer efficient mineral recovery technologies.
Start date:
1 June, 2017
End date:
31 May, 2021

EE-18-2014
TASIO
Full Title: Waste Heat Recovery for Power Valorisation with Organic Rankine Cycle Technology in Energy Intensive Industries
Aim:

The main objective of the project is to develop solutions to recover the waste heat produced in energetic intensive processes of industrial sectors such as cement, glass, steelmaking and petrochemical and transform it into useful energy. These solutions will be designed after an evaluation of the energetic situation of these four industries and will deal with the development of Waste Heat Recovery Systems (WHRS) based on the Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) technology. This technology is able to recover and transform the thermal energy of the flue gases of EII into electric power for internal or external use. Furthermore, a WHRS will be developed and tested to recover and transform the thermal energy of the flue gases of EII into mechanical energy for internal use (compressors).

Concept:
In order to reach this objective several challenging innovative aspects will have to be approached by the consortium. It is planned to design and develop a multisectorial direct heat exchanger to transfer heat directly from the flue gases to the organic fluid of the ORC system and to develop new heat conductor and anticorrosive materials to be used in parts of the heat exchanger in contact with the flue gases. These aspects will be completed by the design and modelling of a new integrated monitoring and control system for the addressed sectors. The consortium consists of 8 partners from 4 European countries. They cover several relevant sectors of the energy intensive industry, namely cement, steel, glass and petrochemical sectors. The industrial involvement in the project is significant and the project addresses the implementation of a full demonstration of the WHRS for electrical energy generation in one of the industrial partners (HOLCIM) and a semi-validation of the WHRS for air compressors energy supply system at pilot scale.
Start date:
1 December, 2014
End date:
31 May, 2018

SPIRE-05-2015
TERRA
Full Title: Tandem Electrocatalytic Reactor for Energy Resource Efficiency and Process Intensification
Aim:

TERRA aims to develop, from TRL 3 to 5, a tandem electrocatalytic reactor (TER) coupling an oxidation reaction to a reduction one, with thus the great potential advantage of i) saving resources and energy (needed to produce the oxidant and reductants for the two separate reactions), and ii) intensify the process (reduce the nr. of steps, coupling two synthesis processes and especially eliminating those to prepare the oxidation and reduction agents).

Concept:
The TER unit may be used in a large field of applications, but will be developed for a specific relevant case: the synthesis of PEF (PolyEthylene Furanoate), a next generation plastic.
Start date:
15 September, 2015
End date:
14 September, 2019

SPIRE-04-2016
VULKANO
Full Title: Novel integrated refurbishment solution as a key path towards creating eco-efficient and competitive furnaces
Aim:

VULKANO project aims to design, implement and validate an advanced retrofitting integrated solution to increase the energy and environmental efficiency in existing industrial furnaces fed with NG; through the combined implementation of new solutions based on high temperature phase change materials, new refractories, optimised co-firing of NG and syngas from biomass or process gas, an advanced monitoring and control system and an holistic in-house predictive tool.

Concept:
VULKANO addresses the main challenge when facing furnaces retrofitting, which is tackling the problem from an overall and cost thinking perspective, which will enable overcoming the barriers for energy efficiency improvements.
Start date:
1 June, 2016
End date:
31 December, 2019

CIRC-01-2016-2017
ZERO-BRINE
Full Title: Re-designing the value and supply chain of water and minerals: a circular economy approach for the recovery of resources from saline impaired effluent (brine) generated by process industries
Aim:
Start date:
1 June, 2017
End date:
31 May, 2021